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Description of Damascus Steel


A Brief History...

Traditional Damascus steel, also known as Pattern Weld, Damascene, or Damast, was first produced over two thousand years ago. It has lived in legend and is referred to as the steel of the ancients.

Damascus swords and knives dominated the weapon industry from the Iron Age to the Viking age. Alexander the Great was said to have a Damascus sword, and even Aristotle commented on the high quality of the Damascus steel blade. Its origins can be traced back as far as 500 A.D. In India, it was called Telangana, Wootz or Ukku steel. It then found its way to Damascus, Syria, which was the center of trade in that region for war equipment such as knives, swords and armor.

However, Damascus steel had been a lost technology from the early 1700's up until World War II. It again has gained popularity since the mid 1970's.

Damascus steel combines low and high carbon steels. These steels are folded and forge welded together. The fold-forge cycle is repeated until a large number of layers is obtained. It is then etched to bring out the beautiful grain pattern. This process produces blades with extraordinary toughness and edge-holding ability. The edge of a Damascus blade contains tiny saw-tooth carbides which enables the blade to cut, even if it feels dull to the touch. The flexability of Damascus is superb. Every piece of Damascus steel is as unique as a finger print.

.....There has been a recent rise of interest in Damascus steel since its production techniques and blade qualities have been "re-discovered".
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